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last mod 29 мая 2004 г.
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Всадники Перна. Материалы

Биология ->Herbalry

Remedies for Common Ailments

1. Analgesics: (Pain Killers)
  • Weak: These are weak pain killers that reduce pain without loss of consciousness. Common ones are: red willow salic and meadowsweet.
  • Strong: A drug that soothes and calms and is used as a strong pain killer. Common ones are: aconite, whitethorn, adonis, fellis, glovecap, and hops.

There are two varieties of aconite. Forest aconite grows up to three feet high. The roots are thick and tubular. It has five sepals, one of which is hooded or helmet like over a blue flower. Forest aconite grows in rich woods, shaded ravines and damp slopes. Its season is early summer. Mountain aconite is 3-9 feet long from fairly slender roots. It too has a showy blue flower and grows from mid-summer to early fall among forested areas. Aconite is anodyne,particularly useful for treating heart palpations. This should be avoided with dragons, as the affect is not yet known. The root should be powdered and used mixed with a liquid for administration to the patient.

A pretty green plant which strikingly beautiful flowers. Adonis tends to grow in clumps or fields and the low-lying plant is very pleasantly scented during flowering season. The heady scent betrays the medicinal value present in the beautiful flowers of the adonis. The flowers, or more precisely, the seeds, should be ground and administered in a syrup. If this is not possible, steam-vapors may have some affect, although the strength is less than the syrup. As with all strong drugs, avoid usage with dragon kind.

Fellis trees are branchy and small and have easily recognizable yellow blossoms with pointed petals. The yellow blossoms are capped by a five-pointed star pattern of small green leaves. An additional star-shaped leaf grows in the center of each of these tufts, accenting the general shape. This is a common herb all throughout Pern and its growing season is from late spring to early fall. The leaves and stems are boiled to produce the naturally narcotic fellis juice, which varies in concentration according to how long it is boiled. Concentration can be told from the deepness of the yellow color. The juices of the fellis have great medicinal value but should be used with caution as the juice is highly addictive. Care must be taken in prescribing fellis as it can become very addictive, although the physical addiction can be cured by a herb called Rimeleaf. Fellis should never be given to dragonkind, as it is fatal to them. Likewise, it should not be given in pregnancy, in combination with other painkillers, or to a patient with a headwound. Fellis is generally administered in water, juice or a tonic tea, and the dosage is as follows:

  • 1 drop will lessen pain without causing drowsiness.
  • 2 drops will relieve pain and cause an intoxicated feeling.
  • 5 drops will bring on deep dreamless sleep for 12 hours.
  • 10 drops will kill.

A flowering grey-green plant. The blue flower is contained within a system of leaves, one of which rises up and over the flower similar to a cap. A second serrated leaf almost touches the 'cap'. The visual effect has been to call this plant the glovecap. Glovecap's flower contains potent medicine. The flowering season is mid-spring to early summer.

A flowering plant with 3-7 lobed leaves, hops grows in thickets and other lush areas. Its season if from mid to late summer. As well as being used in brewing - the cone-like fruit are used to make beer - hops have several medicinal uses. A pillow stuffed with dried hop flowers can help improve sleeping habits; combined with camomile (which will help mask the bitter taste of the hops), an infusion of the flowers has a calming effect and will aid digestion. Because of its sedative properties, hops should not be given to patients suffering from depression.

An erect shrub 12 to 48 inches high with tough yellowish-brown stems. Its leaves are finely serrated, and oblong (2 to 3 inches) and rather firm in texture. Incredibly small white flowers appear on the bush during flowing season. Grows chiefly in low ground areas late spring to early fall. The leaves and bark of the branches can be used for medicines.

A smallish bush that grows in dry areas. It is a gray-green like many Pernese plants. The name whitethorn comes from the triangular white thorns, which run up and down the stem of the plant. The thorns can be harvested and used for medicinal purposes.

Willow Salic
Related to the willow. It has plenty of flowers during the season and it grows as small trees or shrubs in cold to warm temperature environments. Like the willow it has oblong, narrow leaves. The flowers of the salic can be used for its medicinal value.

2. Cough and Sorethroat

These are used to sooth racking coughs and sore throats. Common ones are: anise, borrago, beth root, blue mallow, comfrey, hyssop, thymus, and tussilago.

Anise is an annual herb which somewhat resembles Queen Anne's lace. The flowering umbels bloom at the top of a round, grooved step. Leaves are on long stalks, divided pinnately and have 3 narrow lobes. The leaves of seedlings are rounded and toothed, but develop a feathery appearance in the mature plant. Flowers come in compound umbels, small, yellowish white, 5 petals, 5 stamens, two styles. Fruit are flattened, oval, downy, grey-brown seeds, 1/8 inch long, lengthwise ribs. Harvest the seeds by cutting whole seed heads after they have ripened, but before they have broken open. Clip them into a bag or container so they do not scatter. To store anise seeds, first dry them on a piece of paper or cloth laid in the sun and placed indoors in a dry area near moderate hear. Once they have dried, place them in tightly sealed containers away from excessive heat. Anise is widely used as digestive aid, it prevents indigestion and flatulence. It can be made into cakes called mustaceum, which are served after dinner. However, the most common use is in tea. Crush the seeds and steep a teaspoon in a cup of boiled water. The oil of the anise seed also may be used as a cough remedy. It is most often mixed with other herbs to mask their flavor.

Borrago is very similar to comfrey, in that its stem has lower encasing leaves and continues up and curves back around. It is a coarse plant with clear blue corollas and oblong leaves. This is a persistent plant that spreads easily to waste areas. The sap and juices from the borrago are of medicinal value.

A plant that seems to come from a split half of leaves. Above the larger bottom leaves, which curl back in at the top and have spiky edges, grow considerably smaller tufts of leaves with white, yellow or purple corollas. Pretty little flowers of a similar color grow further along the stem, which curls back into the protective embrace of the leaves. Grows in damp areas from late spring to early fall. This plant's juices have wide medicinal values.

A perennial herb with simple branches and linear leaves. Its flowers are blue-purple and grow in small clusters crowded in a spike. It grows in dry areas in the west. The harvesting season is from mid-summer to mid-fall. The leaves are of medicinal value.

Not much is known about the Pernese herb tussilago. McCaffrey mentioned it heavily in Moreta and Nerilka, mostly in connection to a cough syrup used to treat those suffering from the plague.

Thymus [thyme]
Familiar as a culinary seasoning, thymus is valuable against chest infections: a strong infusion of thymus is good for sore throats, and makes an effective cough syrup. A normal-strength tea of thymus can relieve digestive upsets, including colic. Thymus should not be taken during pregnancy.

3. Diaphoretic and Fever/Febrifuge
  • Diaphoretic: These increase body perspiration. Common ones are: box, ezob, jambul seed, parsley, summer savory, thyme, and spikenard.
  • Fever/Febrifuge: These are used to reduce and cure fevers. Common ones are: sweatroot, spearleek, whitebulb, camphor, bitter root, parsnip, ash bark, chaulmoogra oil, and goosegrass.

A small plant family typically of tropical and warm regions, these are perennial herbs of small evergreen leaves a watery juice and small greenish flowers. The juices of the herb are of medicinal value.

A grey-green triangular-stemmed plant, which proliferates in the warm and jungle climates of Pern. The three sided, spotted leaves are a dead giveaway to the ezob, which flowers dark purple during season. The leaves and stem of the ezob have medicinal value.

A common herb used in cookery. Small green branches with toothed leaf-segments. This common herb can be found all over Pern, especially in the kitchen gardens of any hold. There is medicinal value in the leaves of the herb.

The gray-green leaves of the sweatroot plant are broad and tough indicating the strength of the root system. The three sided stem has black stripes up and down it which carry into the leaves of the plant by highlighting their veins. Sweatroot can be harvested from late spring to mid summer.

Spearleek has spear-like upper growth, and one must be careful not to wound oneself on the spears. The medicinal value is in the white bulb, however, which is edible. As a febrifuge, it was used by Moreta as a hopeful preventitive for the plague.

 Growth form: Terran parsnip Known location: Fort Hold Uses: edible

Whitebulb [garlic]
A low-lying greenish plant, which grows hanging white bulbous fruit from its branches in late spring. It tends to grow in rich tropical climates, and the white bulbous fruit can be used for medicinal purposes. The bulb of this herb is much-used to add flavouring to recipes; it acts as a good preventative for many diseases, particularly colds, as well as being a good remedy if you already have a cold. Eating it can help prevent wounds becoming infected. For the full benefit of its anti-infection properties it should be eaten raw, which does unfortunately make the patient's breath smell - something that can be combated by chewing parsley leaves. It can be made more palatable by crushing it in ambersap. Alternatively, the juice can be applied to a piece of cloth and then directly to wounds as a fomentation; for chest infections it can be made into an ointment and rubbed on the chest. Whitebulb added to the diet also has a good effect on the circulation of the blood.

4. Tonics

These invigorate, refresh, restore, and stimulate the body, commonly given after a sickness to help strengthen the patient. Common ones are: featherfern, nettleweed, tansy, beth root, dewberry, coriander, wild woodbine, sage, and watercress, yarrow.

A low-lying leafy plant that grows in damp areas from mid-spring to early fall. The broad green leaves are soft to the touch, hence the name featherfern. The leaves, also not coincidentally resemble giant feathers of a wherry or similar flying(non-draconic) animal.

A common wild plant with hairs on its leaves that sting and redden the skin upon contact. It grows commonly throughout Pern. Careful harvesting of the leaves of the nettleweed can lead to excellent ingredients for medicinal solutions.

A tea of the feathery leaves of this tall flowering plant is good as a general tonic, helping settle the digestion, maintain good circulation of the blood, reduce feverish symptoms, and fight off infection. The herb can be applied to cuts and bruises in the form of a poultice as it is a good external haemostatic.

5. Cold and Flu Treatments

These remedies treat colds and flus. In general, all that can be done for a patient with a cold is to treat the symptoms (such as fever, headache and coughing). Another solution is steam inhalation to ease congestion of the lungs and nasal passages.

Cayenne pepper
Formed by drying and then grinding small red peppers of a particularly fiery nature, this red-orange powder works as an excellent stimulant, digestive and antiseptic. Added to the diet, cayenne in small doses will stimulate the appetite and act as an internal cleanser; its warming properties are also effective in the first stages of a cold. Made into a salve or oil it can be rubbed onto painful joints, sprains and areas of poor circulation. It combines with comfrey and numbweed to make the Threadscore salve more efficacious.

Citron [lemon or other citrus fruit]
This tree produces small orange-yellow fruits of which the peeled flesh can be eaten directly or pulped to juice, and make a vital contribution to any healthy diet. In addition, citron juice mixed with ambersap in warm water makes a good cough remedy.

Well-known for its scent and taste, the dark green, oval, toothed leaves of this plant are used both as a culinary flavoring and to make a delicious tea which has a highly beneficial effect on the digestive system. As a cold remedy, the steam from a bowl of boiling water to which has been added mint leaves can be inhaled to clear the nasal passages and lungs.

Spiceroot [ginger]
This hot-tasting spice, ground from a brown knobbly root, will help quell nausea. It is also a general stimulant and can be taken at the first sign of cold or flu.

World of Pern © is copyright Anne McCaffrey 1967, 2001.
The Dragonriders of Pern ® is a registered trademark.
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